Hyperpigmentation is a condition that causes patches of skin to darken in color. It is usually harmless and can affect all skin tones. There are various products that can help fade patches of dark skin, and they may also have other skin benefits.
This article discusses hyperpigmentation in more detail and some products that treat dark areas on the skin. It also lists some frequently asked questions.
Hyperpigmentation occurs when the skin produces more melanin — the skin’s natural pigment. The affected areas may also appear as freckles or age spots.
According to the
Acne.org mentions some ingredients that can help to fade dark spots, such as:
- Azelaic acid: Doctors usually prescribe azelaic acid for people who have acne, but it can also slow down melanin production. It suits all skin tones, but it may take up to 6 months for an individual to notice improvements.
- Retinoids: These include tretinoin, adapalene, and tazarotene, and people can use them with hydroquinone to treat hyperpigmentation. An older study found that a daily retinoid treatment lightened dark skin patches in most participants.
- Hydroquinone: It can take around 12 weeks to treat hyperpigmentation. People who use ascorbic acid, or vitamin C, with this treatment may have a reduced chance of developing side effects, such as redness and itching.
A person looking for a product that addresses hyperpigmentation may consider various features, including:
- Skin type: People should choose a product that is suitable for their skin type. Some brands offer items that work on all skin types and tones.
- Ingredients: The American Academy of Dermatology Association (AAD) recommends that individuals with darker skin tones look for products that contain vitamin C, kojic acid, or azelaic acid.
- Review photos: Some brands have before and after photos on their website that show how the skin may…